Dataset Inventory - Qingdao and China

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Series/Project Title Datasets Description Type Tags
Qingdao Building Footprint Qingdao Building Footprint Building Footprint vector data generated by the EAST-CITIES team through building identification algorithms geospatial urban planning
OSM Data OSM Data Open Street Maps provides geospatial data on cities and towns of the world. Data includes building forms and roads as information of land and building usage geospatial urban planning, open source, transit, water, function, landscape, water, recreation, green space, road networks
Urban Planning Publication Corpus Urban Planning Publication Corpus List of publications that may contain references to relevant datasets (containing urban planning data for regions in eastern China) text corpus urban planning, scientific publications, text mining
Qingdao Metro Data Qingdao Metro lines 2 and 3, Qingdao Metro lines 11 and 13 Data about the Qingdao Metro (stops and passenger data) statistics mobility, traffic, public transport, timetable, passenger flows
Qingdao Climate Data Qingdao Climate Data Data on weather conditions in Qingdao for the years 2011 - 2019 statistics climate
Qingdao Air Quality Data Qingdao Air Quality Data Data on air quality in Qingdao for the years 2013 - 2019 statistics air quality, pollution
Qingdao Statistical Yearbook of Urban and Rural Construction 2017 Statistical Yearbook of Urban and Rural Construction Detailed statistics on various fields relevant for urban and rural construction statistics construction, service facilities, water, mobility, road surface area, road networks, recreation, green space, population, garbage treatment, land usage, finances, investment, production, energy, gas, heating, rail transit, landscaping, sanitation
Vegetation map of China (2000) Vegetation map of China (2000) Map (vector data) detailing China's vegetation (different kinds of forests, lakes, desert areas etc.) spatial database/map environmental resources, conservation, vegetation, geospatial information
Population density of China at the town level Population density of China at the town level The population density of China in the Jiedao/town scale using the 2010 population census of China statistics population
China Temporal Datasets China Temporal Datasets Temporally-explicit, high resolution Chinese demographic spatial datasets for 1990, 2000 and 2010 (2015-10-06) statistics demographic spatial data, building construction, utilities
DIVA-GIS Spatial Data DIVA-GIS Spatial Data country level data for any country in the world: administrative boundaries, roads, railroads, altitude, land cover, population density; global country boundaries; global climate data; species occurrence data; crop (genebank) collection data; near-global 90 meter resolution elevation data; high-resolution satellite images (LandSat) spatial database/map roads, railways, administrative borders, population grid, geospatial information
OpenStreetMap Data Extracts OpenStreetMap Data Extracts data extracts from the OpenStreetMap project which are normally updated every day spatial database/map roads, buildings, urban infrastructure, geospatial information
Containerumschlag im Hafen von Qingdao bis 2018 Containerumschlag im Hafen von Qingdao bis 2018 Die Statistik zeigt den Containerumschlag im Hafen von Qingdao in den Jahren 2013 bis 2018. Als Tiefseehafen ist Qingdao bedeutend für die ölverarbeitende Industrie und den Güterverkehr der gesamten Halbinsel Shandong. Der Hafen der Stadt ist der drittgrößte Hafen Chinas und der achtgrößte der Welt. Im Jahr 2018 vermeldete der Hafen von Qingdao einen Containerumschlag in Höhe von mehr als 19 Millionen TEU. statistics economy, trade, port
Volume of traded freight in China's main coastal ports 2017 Volume of traded freight in China's main coastal ports 2017 The statistic represents the volume of traded freight in China's main coastal ports from 2000 to 2018. The main costal ports are Dalian, Yingkou, Qinhuangdao, Tianjin, Yantai, Qingdao, Rizhao, Shanghai, Lianyungang, Ningbo-Zhoushan, Shantou, Guangzhou, Zhanjiang, Haikou, Basuo. In 2018, the country's main coastal ports handled a volume of goods of around 9.22 billion metric tons. statistics economy, trade, port
Coal Geology, Land Use, and Human Health in the Peoples Republic of China: Power station locations Coal Geology, Land Use, and Human Health in the Peoples Republic of China: Power station locations The purpose of this dataset is to give geologists and other scientists a spatial database of electrical power stations in China. This data set will be utilized in energy research and cartographic projects. This dataset contains locations, type, and power generation capacity of powerplants/powerstations in the People's Republic of China. spatial database/map energy, economy, geospatial information
Coal Geology, Land Use, and Human Health in the Peoples Republic of China: Power line locations Coal Geology, Land Use, and Human Health in the Peoples Republic of China: Power line locations This dataset contains the distribution, type, and power handling capacity of power line networks in the People's Republic of China. spatial database/map, statistics energy, economy, geospatial information, power line networks, power handling capacity
World Bank Enterprise Surveys Enterprise Survey 2012 This research was carried out in China between December 2011 and February 2013. Data was collected from 2,700 privately-owned and 148 state-owned firms. The objective of Enterprise Surveys is to obtain feedback from businesses on the state of the private sector as well as to help in building a panel of enterprise data that will make it possible to track changes in the business environment over time, thus allowing, for example, impact assessments of reforms. Through interviews with firms in the manufacturing and services sectors, the survey assesses the constraints to private sector growth and creates statistically significant business environment indicators that are comparable across countries. Usually Enterprise Surveys focus only on private companies, but in China, a special sample of fully state-owned establishments was included as this is an important part of the economy. Data on 148 state-owned enterprises is provided separately from the data of 2,700 private sector firms. To maintain comparability of the China Enterprise Surveys to surveys conducted in other countries, only the dataset of privately sector firms should be used. survey data economy, manufacturing, services, business environment indicators
Spatiotemporal Features of the Three-Dimensional Architectural Landscape in Qingdao, China Spatiotemporal Features of the Three-Dimensional Architectural Landscape in Qingdao, China The evolution and development of the three-dimensional (3D) architectural landscape is the basis of proper urban planning, eco-environment construction and the improvement of environmental quality. This paper presents the spatiotemporal characteristics of the 3D architectural landscape of the Shinan and Shibei districts in Qingdao, China, based on buildings’ 3D information extracted from Quickbird images from 2003 to 2012, supported by Barista, landscape metrics and GIS. The results demonstrated that: (1) Shinan and Shibei districts expanded vertically and urban land use intensity increased noticeably from year to year. (2) Significant differences in the 3D architectural landscape existed among the western, central and eastern regions, and among the 26 sub-districts over the study period. The differentiation was consistent with the diverse development history, function and planning of the two districts. Finally, we found that population correlates positively with the variation in the 3D architectural landscape. This research provides an important reference for related studies, urban planning and eco-city construction. statistics architecture, landuse, construction, spatiotemporal information
The population of Qingdao by sex and age in 2005, 2010 and 2015. The population of Qingdao by sex and age in 2005, 2010 and 2015. The population of Qingdao by sex and age in 2005, 2010 and 2015. statistics population
Number of cafes in Qingdao, China 2016 Number of cafes in Qingdao, China 2016 This statistic displays the number of cafes in Qingdao, China from January to December 2016. As of December 2016, there were 1,338 coffee shops in Qingdao, down from about 1,555 cafes in the summer of the same year. statistics economy, business
Homogenized surface air temperature series of Qingdao in China for the period 1899 to 2014 Homogenized surface air temperature series of Qingdao in China for the period 1899 to 2014 German Meteorological Service (Deutscher Wetterdienst, DWD) in Hamburg has a huge archive of historical handwritten journals of weather observation. The archives contains observations from overseas stations of the Deutsche Seewarte from the late 19th and the first 20th century gibt. Some of the stations existed in the former German “Kiautschou Bay territory” around Qingdao (German name: “Tsingtau”) from 1898 to 1914. In order to construct a long-term homogeneous meteorological time series, based on quality control, interpolation and homogeneity methods, we objectively establish a set of homogenized monthly mean SAT series in Qingdao of China from 1899 to 2014. Three data sets are combined in this series, including the newly digitized observations of Qingdao station from German National Meteorological Service from 1899-1913 mentioned above, adjusted SAT W&M v4.01 from Delaware University during 1914 to 1959 and homogenized SAT data set from CMA during 1960 to 2014. statistics climate
CEIC Macro and Micro Economic Data for Qingdao CEIC Macro and Micro Economic Data for Qingdao, e.g. Gross Industrial Output: Shandong: Qingdao China’s CN: Gross Industrial Output: Shandong: Qingdao data was reported at 1,189,336.519 RMB mn in Dec 2017. This records a decrease from the previous number of 1,634,381.330 RMB mn for Dec 2016. China’s CN: Gross Industrial Output: Shandong: Qingdao data is updated yearly, averaging 664,563.640 RMB mn from Dec 1996 to 2017, with 21 observations. The data reached an all-time high of 1,681,182.990 RMB mn in 2015 and a record low of 79,563.370 RMB mn in 1996. China’s CN: Gross Industrial Output: Shandong: Qingdao data remains active status in CEIC and is reported by National Bureau of Statistics. The data is categorized under China Premium Database’s Industrial Sector – Table CN.BL: Gross Industrial Output: Prefecture Level City. statistics economy, trade
Chinese Retail Sector Employee Interviews Chinese Retail Sector Employee Interviews, 2003-2004 UK Data Service Abstract survey data labour, employment, consumer behaviour, business/industrial management and organisation, human resources, working conditions
Chinese Household Income Project Chinese Household Income Project, 1988 (ICPSR 9836), Chinese Household Income Project, 1995 (ICPSR 3012), Chinese Household Income Project, 1988 (ICPSR 9836), Chinese Household Income Project, 1995 (ICPSR 3012) Chinese Household Income Project, 2002 (ICPSR 21741), Chinese Household Income Project, 1995 (ICPSR 3012), Chinese Household Income Project, 2002 (ICPSR 21741), Chinese Household Income Project, 1995 (ICPSR 3012), Chinese Household Income Project, 1988 (ICPSR 9836) The purpose of the Chinese Household Income Project was to measure and estimate the distribution of personal income in both rural and urban areas of the People's Republic of China. The principal investigators based their definition of income on cash payments and on a broad range of additional components: payments in kind valued at market prices, agricultural output produced for self-consumption valued at market prices, the value of ration coupons and other direct subsidies, and the imputed value of housing. Data were collected through a series of questionnaire-based interviews conducted in rural and urban areas in 1988, 1995, 2002, 2007, and 2013. Individual respondents reported on their economic status, employment, level of education, sources of income, household composition, and household expenditures. survey data household income, finances, economy
East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Culture and Globalization in East Asia, 2008 (ICPSR 34607), East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Culture and Globalization in East Asia, 2008 (ICPSR 34607) , East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Health and Society in East Asia, 2010 (ICPSR 34608), East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Health and Society in East Asia, 2010 (ICPSR 34608), East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Families in East Asia, 2006 (ICPSR 34606), East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Network Social Capital in East Asia, 2012 (ICPSR 36277), East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Health and Society in East Asia, 2010 (ICPSR 34608), East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Families in East Asia, 2006 (ICPSR 34606), East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Health and Society in East Asia, 2010 (ICPSR 34608), East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Network Social Capital in East Asia, 2012 (ICPSR 36277), East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Families in East Asia, 2006 (ICPSR 34606), East Asian Social Survey (EASS), Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Culture and Globalization in East Asia, 2008 (ICPSR 34607) The East Asia Social Survey (EASS) is a biennial social survey project that serves as a cross-national network of four General Social Survey type surveys in East Asia -- the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS), the Japanese General Social Survey (JGSS), the Korean General Social Survey (KGSS), and the Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSCS). Founded in 2003, the EASS involves the coordination of participating institutions, each representing the four East Asian societies, who collectively determine survey module topics and questionnaires. The participating institutions include the National Survey Research Center at Renmin University of China in Beijing, the JGSS Research Center at Osaka University of Commerce in Osaka, the Survey Research Center as Sungkyunkwan University in Seoul, and the Institute of Sociology at Academia Sinica in Taipei. Each individual institution incorporates EASS topical modules into the preexisting framework of their respective General Social Survey designs. EASS focuses on questions and issues that are commonly relevant to East Asian societies, with the goal of creating comparative data on diverse aspects of social lives in East Asia. Each year and corresponding survey topical module has a specific focus within the general scope of the EASS; module topics cover family, culture, health, and social capital. survey data culture, social, family, health, social capital, attitudes
International Financial Statistics International Financial Statistics (ICPSR 7629) This series consists of annual time series data from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Beginning in 1948, the series summarizes every country's balance of payments, with collateral data on its principal components such as trade and reserves, and data on the principal cause and effect elements, such as monetary expansion and contraction, government surpluses and deficits, production, prices, and interest rates. The 196 nations for which data are provided have data covering a variety of time spans with the maximum span being 1948-1978. While some time series began in 1948, some others began as late as 1970. statistics finances, economy, balance of payments, trade, reserves, monetary expansion and contraction, government surpluses and deficits, production, prices, interest rates
AsiaBarometer AsiaBarometer, 2003 (ICPSR 4300), AsiaBarometer, 2004 (ICPSR 20420) The AsiaBarometer, 2004 represents a cross-national effort to study the lives of the peoples of East and Southeast Asia on physical, psychological, and sociological dimensions. The project was designed to capture the extent to which respondents experience the affective and cognitive qualities of life, focusing on their assessments of their own lives as well as their relationships to family, neighborhood, workplace, social institutions, political institutions, and the marketplace. Attitudes toward development, democracy, and regionalization were examined, as were the types of goods and services desired and consumer habits. Respondents were queried on their overall personal satisfaction as well as their satisfaction with their friendships, family life, marriage, standard of living, housing, household income, health, education, neighbors, job, leisure time, public safety, the condition of the environment, the social welfare system, and the political system. Data were gathered on the respondents' personal priorities and those they had for their children, as well as their level of trust in others, their inclination to help others, and what characteristics and affiliations they used to identify themselves. Respondents were asked to rate the efficacy of their national governments in handling the economy, political corruption, human rights, unemployment, crime, public services, immigration, ethnic conflict, religious conflict, and environmental problems. Additional questions asked whether government officials were responsive to problems of the general population, what type of political systems respondents favored, and the extent to which the national government, the local government, the army, the legal system, the police, the national legislative branch (e.g., Parliament, Congress), the public education system, large domestic companies, multinational companies, trade/labor unions, the media, and other nongovernmental organizations (e.g., environmental, social advocacy groups, and nonprofit organizations) could be trusted to operate in the best interests of society. Participants were asked which macro-socioeconomic issues they were most concerned with and what matters they believed the government should spend more or less on. Respondents were polled on their level of personal involvement in political, governmental, and community affairs, the inclusiveness of the government, and their perspectives on the importance of political and electoral participation. Additional questions addressed respondent exposure to and opinions of foreign companies, peoples, governments, and cultures. Market analysis inquiries included what products respondents owned, planned to own in the near future, or desired to own, as well as what consumer services they had used or would like to use. Respondents were asked about their modes of transportation, their current types of residence, whether or not they planned to own their own residences, and the availability of public utilities. Respondents were surveyed on what foreign and domestic companies they were familiar with and which forms of media they used to obtain consumer and political information. Background information includes age, sex, occupation, employment status, household income, family structure, number of people in household, number of children, education, marital status, English proficiency, religious affiliation, and religious participation. survey data culture, social, family, health, quality of life, attitudes
Voice of the People Voice of the People End of Year Survey, 2011 (ICPSR 33504), Voice of the People, 2004 (ICPSR 24681), Voice of the People End of Year Survey, 2013 (ICPSR 35202), Voice of the People, 2006 (ICPSR 21380), Voice of the People, 2005 (ICPSR 4636), Voice of the People Millennium Survey, 2000 (ICPSR 24661), Voice of the People End of Year Survey, 2012 (ICPSR 35201), Voice of the People Millennium Survey, 2000 (ICPSR 24661), Voice of the People, 2007 (ICPSR 21441), Voice of the People, 2003 (ICPSR 24482) This is an annual survey conducted by Gallup International Association to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conucted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. survey data culture, social, public opinion on social and political issues
Correlates of War Project Correlates of War Project: International Trade Data, 1870-2006 (ICPSR 24385), Annual Alliance Membership Data, 1815-1965 (ICPSR 5602), Correlates of War Project: International and Civil War Data, 1816-1992 (ICPSR 9905), Correlates of War Project: Militarized Interstate Dispute (MID) Data, 1816-2001 (ICPSR 24386), Diplomatic Exchange Data, 1815-1970 (ICPSR 5026), Diplomatic Missions Received by Each International System Member, 1817-1970 (ICPSR 5025), Intergovernmental Organization Data, 1816-1964 (ICPSR 5520), National Material Capabilities Data, 1816-1985 (ICPSR 9903) The Correlates of War (COW) project was founded in 1963 by J. David Singer, a political scientist at the University of Michigan. The original and continuing goal of the project has been the systematic accumulation of scientific knowledge about war. Key principles of the project include a commitment to standard scientific principles of replication, data reliability, documentation, review, and the transparency of data collection procedures. The COW project seeks to facilitate the collection, dissemination, and use of accurate and reliable quantitative data in international relations (IR). It also seeks to expand available data for IR research through 1) a number of ongoing internal projects and 2) encouraging scholars within the COW community to engage in guided research through the Data Set Hosting Program. The COW project has moved to institutionalize the loosely structured organization of the original project based at the University of Michigan, while also maintaining the involvement of many collaborators at widely dispersed locations. To simultaneously maintain a large number of cross-national and cross-time datasets, the COW project has implemented a distributed system of dataset hosting based on the notion of "coordinated decentralization". The goal is for each major dataset to be adopted by a "home" institution and a "host" individual who will agree to maintain a dataset and its related documentation for a period of time, following guidelines designed to ensure continued consistency with COW standards. The project was transferred from the University of Michigan to The Pennsylvania State University in March 2001. The governance structures of the project include a director, associated director, and advisory board. statistics war, finances, economy, trade, diplomacy, alliance membership, military
Cross-National Statistics on the Causes of Death Cross-National Statistics on the Causes of Death, 1966-1974 (ICPSR 7624) These data are a collection of demographic statistics for the populations of 125 countries or areas throughout the world, prepared by the Statistical Office of the United Nations. The units of analysis are both country and data year. The primary source of data is a set of questionnaires sent monthly and annually to national statistical services and other appropriate government offices. Data include statistics on approximately 50 types of causes of death for the years 1966 through 1974 for males, females, and total populations. statistics population, causes of death
World Trade Data World Trade Data, 1958-1968 (ICPSR 5402) This study contains export and import trade data for 207 nations in the period 1958-1968. The data were collected on a country by country, dyadic, or directional basis and provide information for the imports and exports of a nation dyad in units of millions of United States dollars. statistics economy, trade
International Social Survey Programme ZA5800: International Social Survey Programme: Health and Health Care - ISSP 2011, (complete list: see project details. Other topics: Role of Government; Social Networks and Support Systems; Social Inequality; Family and Changing Gender Roles; Work Orientations; Religion; Environment; National Identity; Citizenship; Leisure Time and Sports; Social Networks and Social Resources ) The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuing annual program of cross-national survey collaboration, covering a wide range of topics important for social science research. Since 1985 the ISSP provides international data sets, enabling cross-cultural and cross-temporal research. survey data culture, social
Soft Power in Asia Survey Soft Power in Asia Survey, 2008 (ICPSR 25342) This multicountry public opinion survey, conducted by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs in collaboration with the East Asia Institute (South Korea), examines the current and potential use of soft power in East Asia. This survey aimed to refine the concept of soft power, operationalize it into a measurable scientific variable, and contribute to the building of a database on soft power in Asia. For this survey, respondents were asked to examine topics such as the attractiveness of different national cultures and values, the effectiveness of nations as regional leaders and problem-solvers, the affinity of nations as trade partners, levels of human capital, attractiveness of educational institutions, and the emergence of regional identities. Participants also gave their opinions about the growing economic and political integration in East Asia and the impact this has on underlying regional tensions, including how likely there would be a military conflict in East Asia in the next ten years. Similarly, respondents answered queries regarding the economic, military, and political influence of China, Japan, and the United States in Southeast Asia, China and the United States as military threats to each other, China's rise as a leader in Asia, and the military presence of the United States in Asia. Further questions asked about the creation of a free trade area in China, Japan and South Korea, trade and investment among these nations, preferred economic systems, countries' willingness to promote democracy and human rights internationally, the use of diplomacy, and the respect for rule of law and sovereignty of other nations. Finally, participants gave their views on the leadership of international organizations, and the influence of one country's popular culture on another. survey data culture, social, public opinion, soft power, alliances, diplomacy, economy, conflict, trade, human rights, international relations, military, politics, social attitudes
World Population World Population, 1950-1975 (ICPSR 7493) This study collected demographic data for 201 nations and political entities worldwide. Variables include population for each year between 1950-1975, plus the figures for birth, death, and growth rates in 1975. statistics population
Public Opinion and Foreign Policy in the United States, China, India, Australia, and South Korea Public Opinion and Foreign Policy in the United States, China, India, Australia, and South Korea, 2006 (ICPSR 4650) The Chicago Council undertakes a large-scale public opinion study every two years that compares American and international public opinion on a wide range of important international issues. A significant part of each biennial survey is additionally dedicated to examining a timely theme. The theme of the 2006 survey was, "The Rise of China and India." This data collection presents a unique comparison of international attitudes on how the emergence of China and India as economic dynamos and claimants to great power status will affect the global economy, international security, and politics. Moreover, this study sought to assess American public opinion (Part 1, Public Opinion Survey, United States) on a variety of challenges facing the United States today including international terrorism, nuclear proliferation, conflict in the Middle East, the rising economic and political power of Asia, economic competition from abroad, and threats to energy supplies and the environment. This data collection also provides an understanding of how the Chinese (Part 2, Public Opinion Survey, China) and Indian (Part 3, Public Opinion Survey, India) publics view their nations' international challenges and opportunities and their respective roles as emerging great powers. Parallel surveys were also conducted in Australia (Part 4, Public Opinion Survey, Australia) in conjunction with the Lowy Institute for International Policy, and in South Korea (Part 5, Public Opinion Survey, South Korea) in conjunction with the East Asia Institute. Demographic variables include race, age, gender, religious affiliation, highest level of education, and political identification. survey data culture, social, politics, public opinion
Government Finance Statistics Government Finance Statistics (ICPSR 8624) These time series present combined statistics on detailed revenues and expenditures for all levels of government. Topics covered include deficit/surplus or total financing, revenues or grants, expenditures, lending minus repayments, domestic financing, foreign financing, domestic debt or total debt, and foreign debt. Annual data are supplied for central government accounts and different levels of government in these categories: (1) central government budgetary accounts, (2) central government consolidated accounts, (3) central government extra budgetary accounts, (4) central government Social Security Funds, (5) state or province governments, (6) local governments, and (7) general governments. statistics finances, economy
Direction of Trade Direction of Trade (ICPSR 7628) These time series data supply detailed information on imports and exports for various countries and geographical areas of the world. Countries are grouped into three main categories: (1) Industrial Countries, (2) Developing Countries, and (3) USSR, Eastern Europe, etc. Along with data from reporting countries, estimates are provided by partner countries for nonreporting countries or for those that are slow to report. A subset of these data (Part 4), containing annual data from 1948 to 1978, is available as well. statistics finances, economy, trade
China Rice Theory Data China Rice Theory Data Cross-cultural psychologists have mostly contrasted East Asia with the West. However, this study shows that there are psychological differences within China almost as large as differences between East and West. We propose that a history of farming rice makes cultures more interdependent, while farming wheat makes cultures more independent, and these agricultural legacies continue to affect people in the modern world. We tested 1,162 Han Chinese participants in six sites and found that rice-growing southern China is more interdependent and holistic-thinking than the wheat-growing north. To control for confounds like climate, we tested people from neighboring counties along the rice-wheat border and found differences that were just as large. We also show that modernization and pathogen prevalence theories do not fit the data. survey data; statistics psychology, culture, social, cultural pluralism, agriculture, cultural influences
General Industrial Statistics General Industrial Statistics, 1963-1979 (ICPSR 7950) This collection was created by the United Nations from information collected from individual countries regarding their industrial production. The collection contains, for each reporting country, data on the type and amount of industrial production for the years 1963-1979. There are statistics on production for various industries including mining, manufacturing, construction, financing, and community and personal services. Production quantities are indicated in the basic units of that particular industry (e.g., number, man-hours, kilowatt hours, etc.). The data are organized by country, industry, and year, and thus, multiple country records may exist for each industry depending on the data years available. Part 1 contains information for the years 1967-1979, and Part 2 contains data for the years 1963-1966 (with some instances of overlapping data in the files). The data collected for these files was used as the master file input for the YEARBOOK OF INDUSTRIAL STATISTICS, VOLUME 1. The files have 19 variables (17 are alphanumeric, 2 are double precision floating point). statistics industry, production
Cross-National Population by Age and Sex Cross-National Population by Age and Sex, 1966-1974 (ICPSR 7623) This data collection contains demographic statistics for the populations of 171 countries or areas throughout the world between 1966 and 1974. The data were prepared by the Statistical Office of the United Nations using as primary source a set of questionnaires sent monthly and annually to statistical services and other appropriate government offices. Data include total population by country or area for the years 1966-1974, for males and females, divided into 18 age groups. Other data include ethnic group, urban/rural code, and year, type, and reliability of source document. statistics population
Political Conflicts Political Conflicts, 1944-1966 (ICPSR 5302) This study contains data on 323 post-World War II inter- and intra-state political conflict events in the major geographical regions of the world in the period 1944-1966. The principal aim of the study was to develop an empirical description of post-World War II low-level conflict. For each conflict, data are provided for the start and end date, location (including Latin America, Europe, Middle East, North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Southeast Asia), nations and forces involved (including the level of participation by the United States, Soviet Union, People's Republic of China and other communist nations, and the United Nations), level of military activities (including sea, ground, and air operations), duration, and total deaths. Data are also provided for interstate combats, incidents, blockades, and show of force, and for internal conflicts, such as overt civil wars, guerilla wars, anti-colonial conflicts, coups d'etat, military revolts or mutinies, insurrections, and civil disorders. Other variables provide information on the effects and outcomes of the conflicts. event database conflict, military, politics
Economic Valuations and Interethnic Fears: Perceptions of Chinese Migration in the Russian Far East Economic Valuations and Interethnic Fears: Perceptions of Chinese Migration in the Russian Far East (ICPSR 1256) When members of one ethnic group feel threatened by population trends favoring ethnic "others," would perceived economic gains associated with such population change (as in many cases of migration) reduce perceived threats to security and interethnic hostility? An ideal quasi-experimental setting for addressing this question is Chinese cross-border migration into the Russian Far East, for which the author designed and directed an opinion survey in September 2000 with 1,010 respondents selected through stratified random sampling. Findings based on multiple regression analysis suggest that individuals who perceive interactions with members of a culturally distant ethnic group as economically beneficial feel less threatened and favor less hostile responses toward ethnic "others" -- even if these individuals adhere to negative stereotypes against the latter. Strong effects of perceived economic gains (or losses) with respect to the local economy endure when controlled for party identification, perceptions of relative deprivation, perceptions of the neighboring state's intent to undertake aggressive actions, and perceptions of military balance, as well as for local economic and demographic trends. For both threat and hostility, perceptions of total economic effects attributed to ethnic "others" -- but not perceptions of relative gains among groups -- are found to be a significant predictor. survey data culture, social, ethnics, migration, economy
Country Memberships in Selected Intergovernmental Organizations and Accession to Selected Regional and Global Treaty Regimes Country Memberships in Selected Intergovernmental Organizations and Accession to Selected Regional and Global Treaty Regimes: Global, Country-Year Format, 1955-2010 (ICPSR 30541) A listing of organizational memberships by country and year between 1955 and 2010. database politics
World Event/Interaction Survey (WEIS) Project World Event/Interaction Survey (WEIS) Project, 1966-1978 (ICPSR 5211) The WEIS Project dataset is a record of the flow of action and response between countries (as well as non-governmental actors, e.g., NATO) reflected in public events reported daily in the New York Times from January 1966 through December 1978. The WEIS Project began under the direction of Charles McClelland at the University of Southern California as a research project on international system characteristics and processes. The unit of analysis in the dataset is the event/interaction, referring to words and deeds communicated between nations, such as threats of military force. Each event/interaction is a daily report of an international event. There are 98,043 events included in this dataset. Coded for each event are the actor, target, date, action category, and arena. Also provided are brief textual descriptions for each event. event database international relations, conflict, diplomacy, foreign affairs, world politics, terrorism
International Cooperation and Regional Conflicts in the Post-Cold War World International Cooperation and Regional Conflicts in the Post-Cold War World, 1987-1999 (ICPSR 2761) This data collection contains event data for all regional conflicts that continued or began in the post-Cold War era, where outside involvement by a major power was present. The project traces dyadic interactions in the former Yugoslavia, Bosnia, Kosovo, the Levant, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, the United States, Russia, the former Soviet Union, the Persian Gulf, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Yemen, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Somalia, India, Pakistan, Haiti, China, Taiwan, and Cuba. The data files were created using the Kansas Events Data System (KEDS), through which the subject, verb, and object from the first sentences of Reuters wire service stories were given nominal codes. Each data file contains four variables: event date, the source of the action, the target of the action, and the World Events Interaction Survey (WEIS) event code. event database international relations, conflict
South China Sea trade South China Sea trade, 1681-1792 The dataset provides facts and figures about the trade between Batavia and China, by way of the South China Sea, in the period 1681-1792. It provides quantitative and qualitative information about ships and trading products. The dataset is the result of a project carried out at the Institute for the History of European Expansion (IGEER), Leiden University. statistics trade, economy
Global Terrorism Database Global Terrorism Database 1.1, 1970-1997 (ICPSR 22541), Global Terrorism Database II, 1998-2004 (ICPSR 22600) The Global Terrorism Database (GTD) is composed of terrorist events recorded for the entire world from 1970 through 1997. The data were originally collected by the Pinkerton Global Intelligence Service (PGIS). Throughout the data collection period PGIS employed a broad definition of terrorism: the threatened or actual use of illegal force and violence to attain a political, economic, religious, or social goal through fear, coercion, or intimidation. The data include "terrorist groups" identified as specific named groups as well as generic groupings like "rebels" or "student protesters." The researchers arranged with PGIS to move 58 boxes of original hard copies of the PGIS terrorism database to a secure location at the University of Maryland. A Web-based data entry system was developed to match the design of the generic incident card used by PGIS in their coding. In addition, automatic entry fields were created in the Web-based interface to be automatically applied under specific circumstances. Once data entry began, the researchers initiated the ongoing process of data verification. In order to develop the Global Terrorism Database 1.1 (GTD1.1), the research team supplemented the original PGIS data by incorporating incidents found in other data sources that were overlooked by PGIS. For several countries in the data, cases have been added, deleted, or corrected compared to the first release of the Global Terrorism Database (GTD1) [GLOBAL TERRORISM DATABASE, 1970-1997, (ICPSR 4586)] based on additional coding and investigation. Data in the GTD1.1 contain 61,637 events. Variables provide group name, type of terrorist incident, incident date, region, country, state in the United States, city, whether the incident was just outside of the city, the type of target, the identity and nationality of the target, type of weapons used, whether the incident was considered a success, and whether there was some damage. Further variables classify the total number killed and total number wounded. Further variables provide information about kidnappings and hostages, total number of days and hours held, and amount of ransom demanded and amount paid. Variables also record information about hijackings. Another variable also provides the number of incidents that the case represents. event database terrorism
Global Digital Activism Data Set Global Digital Activism Data Set, 2013 (ICPSR 34625) The Global Digital Activism Data Set (GDADS), released February 2013 by the Digital Activism Research Project (DARP) at the University of Washington in Seattle, features coded cases of online digital activism from 151 countries and dependent territories. Several features from each case of digital activism were documented, including the year that online action commenced, the country of origin of the initiator(s), the geographic scope of their campaign, and whether the action was online only, or also featured offline activities. Researchers were interested in the number and types of software applications that were used by digital activists. Specifically, information was collected on whether software applications were used to circumvent censorship or evade government surveillance, to transfer money or resources, to aid in co-creation by a collaborative group, or for purposes of networking, mobilization, information sharing, or technical violence (destructive/disruptive hacking). The collection illustrates the overall focus of each case of digital activism by defining the cause advanced or defended by the action, the initiator's diagnosis of the problem and its perceived origin, the identification of the targeted audience that the campaign sought to mobilize, as well as the target whose actions the initiators aimed to influence. Finally, each case of digital activism was evaluated in terms of its success or failure in achieving the initiator's objectives, and whether any other positive outcomes were apparent. event database social, politics, activism, digital communication, human rights, civil disobedience, information systems, social media, social networks, technology, computer use
Demographic Yearbook Historical Supplement to the Demographic Yearbook, 1948-1978 (ICPSR 7892) This data collection contains 12 statistical tables that were published in the HISTORICAL SUPPLEMENT OF THE UNITED NATIONS DEMOGRAPHIC YEARBOOK, issued in 1980 to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the publication of the DEMOGRAPHIC YEARBOOK. It presents time series data on population size, age, sex, urban/rural residence, natality, mortality, and nuptiality as well as selected derived measures concerning these components of population change for countries of the world over a 30-year time period. The unit of analysis is ethnic group within a country, by year. Parts 1 and 2 contain tables (labeled 1-12, in non-chronological order) stratified by ethnicity, urbanicity, and/or sex. Part 1 contains six tables: (1) estimates of mid-year population and vital statistics summary, 1948-1978, (2) population by sex, urbanicity, and intercensal rates of increase for total population, each census, 1948-1978, (4) selected derived measures of natality, 1948-1977, (7) female population by age, total number of children born alive, and total number of children living, each census, 1948-1978, (8) life expectancy by sex and age, 1948-1977, and (11) selected derived measures of marriage and divorce. The six tables in Part 2 are: (3) population by age, sex, and urban/rural residence, each census, 1948-1977, (5) live births by age of mother and sex of infant, 1948-1977, (6) live-birth rates specific for age of mother, 1948-1977, (9) deaths by age and sex, 1948-1977, (10) death rates specific for age and sex, 1948-1977, and (12) population by marital status, age, and sex, each census, 1948-1977. The records in Part 3 are text and correspond to the footnotes for the tables in the other two files. statistics population
The Use of Historical Analogies to Make Sense of Novel Events The Use of Historical Analogies to Make Sense of Novel Events (423BC - 2012) (ICPSR 34721) The Use of Historical Analogies to Make Sense of Novel Events contains 4 parts: (1) Speeches, (2) Meetings, (3) Newspapers, and (4) Statements. The data consist of Excel data files with multiple spreadsheets, and Word and PDF documentation files which represent the various sources (speeches, articles, books, meetings notes) from which the data were collected. Book sources are not included in this release, but are referenced. Part 1 (Speeches) contains Excel data files and corresponding documentation files by historical speakers, such as Winston Churchill, President Barack Obama, and Thucydides' Brasidas and Nicias. Part 2 (Meetings) contains Excel data files and corresponding documentation files (transcripts) by historical meetings, such as the Watergate affair, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Persian Gulf War, and the Iraq War. Part 3 (Newspapers) contains one Excel data file for each event: the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the terrorist assault on Mumbai, India in November, 2008, and the demonstrations in Cairo's Tahrir Square (starting in January 2011, which aimed to overthrow Egyptian President Mubarak); these Excel files have corresponding folders with documentation files that were compiled from various newspaper/online news article sources. Part 4 (Statements) contains one Excel data file, which corresponds to a book source of Osama bin Laden statements. text corpus politics, history, terrorism, war, language use
World Values Survey World Values Surveys and European Values Surveys, 1981-1984, 1990-1993, and 1995-1997 (ICPSR 2790), European and World Values Surveys Four-wave Integrated Data File, 1981-2004 (ICPSR 4531) The World Values Surveys and European Values Surveys series was designed to enable a crossnational, crosscultural comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe. This data collection contains the survey data from the four waves of the World Values Surveys and European Values Surveys, carried out in 1981-1984, 1990-1993, 1995-1997, and 1999-2004. These survey responses have now been integrated into one dataset, to facilitate time series analysis. The surveys provide data from representative national samples of the publics of approximately 81 societies (covering 60 countries) that contain 85 percent of the world's population and cover a full range of variation, from societies with per capita incomes below 300 dollars per year, to societies with per capita incomes of more than 35,000 dollars per year, from long-established democracies to authoritarian states, and from societies with market economies to societies that are in the process of emerging from state-run economies. The surveys cover societies that were historically shaped by a wide variety of religious and cultural traditions, from Christian to Islamic to Confucian to Hindu. The societies covered range from those whose culture emphasizes social conformity and group obligations to societies in which the main emphasis is on human emancipation and self-expression. Broad topics covered in the integrated file include perception of life, family, work, traditional values, personal finances, religion and morale, the economy, politics and society, the environment, allocation of resources, contemporary social issues, national identity, and technology and its impact on society. Specifically, respondents were asked whether the following acts were ever justifiable: suicide, cheating on taxes, lying, euthanasia, divorce, and abortion. Respondents were also asked about the groups and associations they belonged to, which ones they worked for voluntarily, the ethnic group(s) they would not want as neighbors, their general state of health, and whether they felt they had free choice and control over their lives. A wide range of items was included on the meaning and purpose of life, such as respondents' views on the value of scientific advances, the demarcation of good and evil, and religious behavior and beliefs. Respondents were also queried about their attitudes toward morality, politics, sexual freedom, marriage, single parenting, child-rearing, and the importance of work, family, politics, and religion in their lives. Questions relating to work included what financial and social benefits were most important to them in a job, how much pride they took in their work, if they were happy with their current position, and their views on owner/state/employee management of business. Questions pertaining to the stability of the world economy and whether respondents were happy with their financial situation were also asked. Respondents' opinions on various forms of political action, the most important aims for their countries, confidence in various civil and governmental institutions, and whether they would fight in a war for their country were also elicited. Demographic information includes family income, number of people residing in the home, size of locality, region of residence, occupation of the head of household, and the respondent's age, sex, occupation, education, religion, religiosity, political party and union membership, and left-right political self-placement. survey data social, culture, attitudes
Dimensions of Interaction Dimensions of Interaction, 1948-1973 (ICPSR 7426) This study includes event summaries derived from The Conflict and Peace Data Bank (COPDAB) Project (see also CONFLICT AND PEACE DATA BANK (COPDAB), 1948-1978 [ICPSR 7767]). Part 1 contains yearly summaries of events directed by one international actor toward another. There are both conflict and cooperation summaries, including measures of the frequency and intensity of events, and a measure of the dimension of interaction, which combines frequency and intensity. Event summaries are included only for dyads involving the following political entities as actors and targets: Algeria, Canada, China, Cyprus, Federal Republic of Germany, German Democratic Republic, Egypt, France, Greece, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Pakistan, Palestine Liberation Organization, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, and Soviet Union. Data are recorded for each dyad for each year between 1948-1973. Part 2 contains domestic event summaries for the same 31 political entities. The variables measure frequency, intensity, and dimension of interaction (frequency and intensity) for both conflictive and cooperative domestic events. Data are recorded by year for each entity. In Part 3, a variable records the total number of international events initiated by each actor in each year, while a second variable calculates this yearly total as a percentage of all events initiated by the same actor during the 26-year period. Part 4 provides similar information, but with the dyad actor-target as a unit of analysis. One variable records the total number of events initiated by the actor toward the target over the whole time period, while a second variable calculates the number of events directed at one target as a percentage of the events directed at all targets. statistics conflict, diplomacy, war, politics, military, international relations
Comparative Survey of Freedom Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976 (ICPSR 7555) This data collection contains information gathered in five annual surveys that assessed the degree of freedom in 218 nations and dependencies from 1972-1976. The study was carried out under the auspices of Freedom House, New York City. The number of cases with data varies from year to year, due to annexation, amalgamation, or the addition of further territories to the roster. The data include assessments of the political and civil rights of the general population (using a seven-point scale, i.e., 1, most freedom, to 7, least freedom), an overall freedom rating for the country (using a three-point scale, i.e, free, partly free, and not free), and the direction in which this rating appeared to be moving. Surveys after 1972 have added variables that indicate whether a change in the evaluation since the previous survey was due to internal events in the country or to new information about existing conditions. Before 1973, only the presence or absence of change is noted. Thereafter, an increase in the number of coding categories enables the direction of the change to be recorded. The 1976 data include four additional variables applicable to 142 cases and provide information about the system of government and the economy of most of the nations studied. The rationale used in assigning the seven categories on the continuum of most to least freedom can be found in Appendix III of the codebook, including which civil and political rights were considered critical in order for a nation to garner each rating. survey data social, culture, politics, censorship, civil rights, economics, world politics, freedom of speech, freedom of the press
Dimensionality of Nations Project Dimensionality of Nations Project: Nation Attribute Data, 1950-1965 (ICPSR 5020) This study contains data on the political, economic, religious, ecological, and demographic characteristics of 113 nations in the years 1950, 1955, 1960, 1963, and 1965. Originally collected by the Dimensionality of Nations (DON) Project at the University of Hawaii, these data provide information on political regime characteristics, such as the number of political parties, electoral system, political leadership, the nature of the political system, horizontal power distribution, communist party membership, the legitimacy of present government, the legality of government change, freedom of opposition, major government crises, bureaucracy, and the occurrence of assassinations, riots, general strikes, protests, domestic violence, demonstrations, threats and accusations, and purges. Economic variables focus on gross national product (GNP), aid received from the United States and Russia, national income, government expenditures, government balance of payment, investments, imports and exports, energy production and consumption, agricultural production, and the economically active population. Demographic variables include age, education, literacy, religion, ethnicity, marital status, immigrants, and migrants. Other variables provide information on the nations' bloc memberships, United Nations' assessment of the nations, air distance of the nations from the United States, number of nongovernmental organizations, number of the nations' diplomats expelled or recalled, age of the nations, and the nations' geography. statistics energy, trade, finances, economy, conflict, politics, geography, religion, agriculture, education
GSRE 1.0 - Global State Revenues and Expenditures Dataset GSRE 1.0 - Global State Revenues and Expenditures Dataset The GSRE dataset - developed at the GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies since 2009 - is a novel data collection, which is based on historical documents from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Archives. This dataset improves the coverage and accuracy of state budget data for most authoritarian regimes and some democracies since the end of World War II. Version 1.0 of GSRE includes 39 unique indicators covering major aspects of state finance for 161 countries between 1946 and 2006. In addition, GSRE also provides selected data on nine different indicators of public and government employment. statistics finances, economy
WHO Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE) WHO Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health (SAGE): Wave 1, 2007-2010 (ICPSR 31381) The World Health Organization (WHO)'s Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE) is a longitudinal follow-up of a cohort of ageing and older adults. SAGE has been built on the experience and standardized instruments of WHO's 2000/2001 Multi-country Survey Study (MCSS) and the 2002/2004 World Health Surveys (WHS). These surveys focused on health and health-related outcomes and their determinants and impacts in nationally representative samples. These data will address data gaps on ageing, adult health and well-being in lower and middle income countries, whilst being comparable to surveys conducted in higher income countries (such as the United States' Health and Retirement Study (HRS), English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), and the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)). One of the major drivers of this effort has been the lack of comparability of self-reported health status in international health surveys due to systematic biases in reporting, despite using similar instruments and attempts at making questions conceptually equivalent in translation. SAGE uses standard instruments developed over the last decade, a common design and training approach with explicit strategies for making data comparable to cover a wide range of issues that directly and indirectly impact health and well-being. The survey methodology and research design has included a number of methods to address methods for detecting and correcting for systematic reporting biases in health interview surveys, including vignette methodologies, objective performance tests and biomarkers. A number of techniques have also been employed to improve data comparability, including using common definitions of concepts, common methods of data collection and translations, rigorous sample design and post hoc harmonization. The 2007-2010 SAGE Wave 1 data from six countries (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia, and South Africa) is the follow-up survey project to the 2002-2004 WHO data, which constitutes Wave 0 of WHO's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (SAGE). A sample of these respondents from SAGE Wave 0 are included in this follow-up 2007-2010 SAGE Wave 1 in the six countries, with new respondents added to ensure a nationally representative sample. survey data social, health, life satisfaction
Balance of Payments Statistics Balance of Payments Statistics (ICPSR 8623) These time series data provide information on the balance of payments among countries and geographical areas of the world. Detailed tabulations included in this collection describe (1) transactions in goods, services, and income between an economy and the rest of the world, (2) changes of ownership and other changes in that country's monetary gold, special drawing rights (SDRs), and claims and liabilities to the rest of the world, and (3) unrequited transfers and counterpart entries that are needed to balance, in the accounting sense, any entries for previous transactions and changes that are not mutually offsetting. Aggregated and detailed presentations show data for items such as investments, short- and long-term capital, reserves, and changes in reserves. statistics finances, trade, economy
Homeownership, Renting and Society: Historical and Comparative Perspectives ZA8673: Homeownership, Renting and Society: Historical and Comparative Perspectives, 1920 (1950)-2015 Der Datensatz enthält für die gegebenen Länder jeweils zwei Zeitreihen für die Wohneigentumsquote. statistics social, history, construction
Yearbook of World Energy Statistics Yearbook of World Energy Statistics, Master File, 1970-1979 (ICPSR 7893) This data collection contains energy commodity production statistics for approximately 200 United Nations reporting countries for the years 1970-1979. In this file, each record refers to an individual reporting country and the quantity of its various transactions (e.g., production, imports, exports, bunkers, additions to stocks, and capacity) for a given energy commodity in a given year. Only annual data are included. The 70 types of commodities reported include solid fuels (e.g., coal, peat, and charcoal), liquid fuels (e.g., crude petroleum, gasoline, and kerosene), gases, uranium, and both industrial and public types of geothermal, hydro, and nuclear generated electricity. Information is also included on the population (in thousands) of the reporting country, the quantity of the commodity per transaction, and the date of the transaction. Supplementary data not contained in this data collection are in the introduction and footnotes of the individual tables published in the YEARBOOK OF WORLD ENERGY STATISTICS, 1979. statistics energy, economics, trade, production
Women in Development Women in Development IV, 1983 (ICPSR 8155) This file contains national-level data concerning female/male differentials over a range of demographic and socioeconomic variables for each of 120 developing countries. Breakdowns by age and urban/rural residence are frequently included. Data were drawn primarily from censuses and reliable surveys, and constitute the most recently available information at the time of collection. The 120 countries included in the file are all recipients of Agency for International Development aid. There are data for 19 countries from Asia/Pacific, 21 from Latin America/Caribbean, 41 from Sub-Saharan Africa, 15 from the Near East/North Africa, two from North America, 21 from Europe, and the Soviet Union. statistics population, census data, urban vs. rural areas, social roles, discrimination, women, gender, income
International Comparative Study on the Management, Productivity, and Effectiveness of Research Teams and Institutions (ICSOPRU) International Comparative Study on the Management, Productivity, and Effectiveness of Research Teams and Institutions (ICSOPRU), 1971-1989 (ICPSR 9471) The goal of the ICSOPRU project was to improve the management of research teams and institutions and increase awareness of their responsibility concerning proper application of research results. Concrete objectives were twofold: (1) on the international level, to make widely available comparable facts and experiences concerning the management of research teams and to promote multilateral as well as bilateral cooperation in this field, and (2) on the national level to provide all those concerned (science policy-makers, research managers, scientists, engineers) with substantive information on the state of their national research potential and to encourage them, on the basis of this information compared eventually with similar information from other countries, to take self-corrective actions as needed to improve the level of effectiveness and productivity of the research teams and institutions. Seventeen countries from Africa, the Arab States, Asia, Europe and Latin America took part in ICSOPRU. There were four stages or rounds of data collection: six countries (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Sweden) in Round 1 (between February and September 1974), six countries (Argentina, Egypt, India, Republic of Korea [South], Poland, Ukrainian S.S.R.) in Round 2 (between June 1978 and September 1981), five countries (Brazil, India, Nigeria, Spain, Ukrainian S.S.R.) in Round 3 (between October 1981 and November 1985), and four countries (China, Ghana, Hungary, Mexico) in Round 4 (between May 1985 and June 1987). Each round of questionnaires had different items (except for Rounds 2 and 3 which were the same). Round 1 items included general administrative information relevant to the research units answered by the administrator of the unit, scientific information on the research unit and information relevant to the unit's head answered by the head of the unit, individual information answered by scientists and engineers of the unit, individual information answered by technicians of the unit, and external evaluation of the research units from various scientific and administrative perspectives answered by external evaluators. Rounds 2 and 3 included general information about the research unit answered by the head of the unit, information on the respondent and his or her evaluation of the research unit's management, items on productivity and effectiveness answered by head of the unit along with scientists, engineers, and technicians of the unit, EV-rating of the research unit's effectiveness on a series of dimensions dealing with scientific or social criteria and administrative criteria answered by external evaluators. The fourth round of questionnaires included information on the institutional environment of the research unit answered by the head of the institution, general information on the research unit answered by the head of the unit, information on the respondent and his or her evaluation of the research unit's management, items on productivity and effectiveness answered by the head of the unit, scientists, engineers, and technicians. survey data social, science, research, productivity, policy-making, administration, management
Asia Europe Survey (ASES): A Multinational Comparative Study in 18 Countries Asia Europe Survey (ASES): A Multinational Comparative Study in 18 Countries, 2001 (ICPSR 22324) The purpose of the survey was to study, in 18 countries of Asia and Europe, how democracy (or quasi-democracy) functions in response to various domestic and international stimuli, with a focus on the rise of civil society and the deepening of globalization. The 18 countries surveyed include from East and Southeast Asia: Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines, and from Western Europe: the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Greece. The questionnaire covers generally five topics: (1) identity, (2) trust, (3) satisfaction, (4) beliefs and actions, and (5) socio-economic attributes. For the first topic, the survey asked respondents for their nationality and its importance to them, whether it was respected by others and given fair treatment in international economic and political affairs, and how proud of it they were. Respondents were also asked how important it was for them to have citizenship, fluency in their country's dominant language, and to practice their nationality's dominant religion. Respondents were asked if they identified with a community or a group rather than a nationality (i.e. neighborhoods, ethnic group, and religion), if they belonged to larger groups in which people from other countries were included (i.e. European, Asian, and Islamic), and how proud they were of their country's achievements or politics. The next topic asked respondents to assess their level of confidence in their country's government and endeavors (i.e. political parties, law and courts, and mass media) and in international organizations (i.e. World Bank and NATO), to name their country's foreign ministers, and if they could name the five countries with permanent seats on the United Nations Security Council. For the third topic, respondents were asked how well their countries handled issues of politics and citizens, about their personal life situation, their country's development, and the international situation. Regarding beliefs and actions, respondents were asked to comment on the effects of development around the world (i.e., products, money, people, and information being able to move globally), the importance of social issues (i.e., human rights and unemployment), and whether such issues should be dealt with by the country alone or by all countries working together, and if they agreed with specific statements others have made about the government, economy, and politics. They were questioned about their interest in politics, their left-to-right stance in politics, what political activities they had participated in, whether they had voted in the presidential and/or local elections, which political party they felt closest to, and their level of satisfaction with politics in their society. The final topic included questions on the respondent's awareness of political or governmental affairs through different types of media (i.e., newspaper, radio, and television), life satisfaction, fluency in English, frequency with which they attended religious services, religious domination, sex, age, living situation, highest completed level of education, employment, household's living standards, income, and ethnic group. survey data social, culture, globalization, democracy, life satisfaction, nationalism, political activism, politics, elections
The Origins of Agriculture and Sedentary Communities in Northeast China The Origins of Agriculture and Sedentary Communities in Northeast China The goal of the research was to address the development of sedentism and agriculture in the Fuxin (阜新) area of western Liaoning Province, and more broadly in northeast China. During the spring of 2012 and 2013 we conducted two seasons of systematic archaeological regional survey. Altogether we surveyed an area of 104.46 km2, in which we identified and collected artifacts at 1,152 locations. During the spring of 2015 we conducted a series of small-scale excavations at two sites discovered by our survey, one early Neolithic and the other pre-Neolithic. archaeological surveys and excavations sedentism, agriculture, culture
War-Peace Module War-Peace Module (ICPSR 5908) This study contains a user-oriented computer module that focuses on 1,951 situations, decisions, and events relative to seven issue areas that emerged from the interactions of ten nations: China, Egypt, France, West Germany, East Germany, the Soviet Union, Israel, Syria, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The module was developed to explicate a number of propositions about war and peace between nations and to combine these propositions into an operating model of an international relations system. It is intended to serve as a technical companion to and provide supplementary flow charts and program listings for the War-Peace module developed in Jeffrey A. Krend's "War and Peace in the International System: Deriving an All-Computer Heuristic." Actors were assessed for their response to perceived threats in either a cooperative or hostile manner relative to each issue in seven key issue areas: German reunification, Israeli survival, Soviet leadership in the communist world, military support for Egypt, national survival and development, international cooperation, and big power hegemony. In addition, the technical aspects of the model were generalized into design criteria for simulations of large-scale social systems in general. computer module war, conflict, computer simulation, international relations
thakbong thakbong - the data - June 2017, thakbong - the media, thakbong - the data - May 2016 ThakBong is a digital archive of gravesites in Taiwan, China and places where Chinese settlers have moved to, e.g. Hong Kong, Hawaii, the US Mainland, France and Italy. digital archive (photography) cultural heritage, gravesites, tombs, tombstones